Intellectual property

What is intellectual property (IP)?

IP is a creation of the mind (or several collaborating minds) that is novel (new), useful and protectable. IP is an asset: it has value, belongs to an owner and can be used or traded.

How is IP created at 宝博游戏平台官方下载?

IP may be created through:

  • 学术研究
  • 商业研究(校企合作,解决行业问题), or
  • commercialisation (turning discoveries, inventions and innovations into marketable products and services, in the process of which further refinement, invention and innovation can occur).

Who owns IP created at 宝博游戏平台官方下载?

When 宝博游戏平台官方下载 employees create IP, 宝博游戏平台官方下载 asserts at least partial ownership of the IP, in common with most universities and other R&D organisations worldwide. This means that legal rights relating to the IP reside with 宝博游戏平台官方下载, including the right to transfer (assign or sell) ownership. 学生和访问者拥有他们在华盛顿大学创建的IP,但有时他们可能被要求将其分配给华盛顿大学.

宝博游戏平台官方下载认定知识产权所有权,以提供有效的初始管理知识产权作为潜在的有价值的资产. 宝博游戏平台官方下载之后可能会将IP所有权转让给它的创造者,尽管这很少可行. 当外部组织与宝博游戏平台官方下载合作创建知识产权时,该知识产权可能是共同拥有的.

The Innovation and Commercial 研究 (ICR) unit identifies and manages 宝博游戏平台官方下载’s IP, whether it is developed within the university, or jointly with industry 合作伙伴.

What is 宝博游戏平台官方下载’s position on IP?

宝博游戏平台官方下载’s IP policy is business friendly. While maintaining 宝博游戏平台官方下载 researchers’ ability to continue work in their fields, 宝博游戏平台官方下载 seeks to diversify research income, discover new applications for research outcomes, understand industry needs to drive future research, and increase industry networks and engagement to benefit researchers and students.

Why is good IP management important?

良好的IP管理:

  • upholds researchers’ ability to publish their work
  • enables the greatest public benefit from the IP
  • fosters productive university-industry engagement, and
  • reduces the risks of commercialisation.

通过与ICR部门合作,宝博游戏平台官方下载的研究人员可以取得成功和清洁的知识产权成果.

Whats the IP management process?

宝博游戏平台官方下载知识产权(IP)管理流程的典型步骤如下:

IP标识: To ensure that appropriate IP protection can be achieved, 研究人员应该尽快联系创新和商业研究(ICR)单位,只要他们认为他们的R&D已创建IP. 或者,ICR单位可以通过接触研究人员来进行知识产权鉴定. .

知识产权的定义: 国际知识产权研究股协助创造潜在知识产权的研究人员确定其核心概念和感知用途. This allows a search of the prior art, 世界上以前有哪些作品是挑战潜在知识产权的新颖性的. If novelty and usefulness appear likely, then IP probably exists.

Preliminary IP evaluation: Based on the perceived uses of the IP, 它的潜在市场, and the potential for IP protection to deter competitors, ICR部门和知识产权创造者评估知识产权的市场准备情况和商业价值.

Basic IP commercialisation plan: If the IP is deemed commercially viable and commercialisation ready (no further R&D是必要的), ICR部门将领导制定一项商业化计划,概述最佳的市场路径, 包括知识产权保护策略的完善和进一步研究的初步评价. 该计划将支持与潜在合作伙伴、合作者和资助者进行讨论.

Application for IP protection: 专利申请是昂贵的,并引发进一步行动和费用的最后期限, so if the IP warrants patenting, ICR部门的政策是不早于这一步骤提交临时专利申请. Before the application is submitted, 研究人员通常需要确认该知识产权的合法权利属于宝博游戏平台官方下载, in a standard assignment document.

IP licensing or sale: Depending on the commercialisation plan, ICR部门将试图通过协商合同的方式将知识产权许可或出售给合适的企业. The business may be an established one, or a start-up or a spin-off company.

Post contract execution: After contract execution, 研究人员可能会选择停止参与知识产权的商业化, or continue to participate in various ways. Some researchers collaborate in ongoing R&D去完善IP或者开发相关IP,这种情况下他们通常都是宝博游戏平台官方下载的员工. 在某些情况下, 宝博游戏平台官方下载可能允许将研究人员借调给商业化合作伙伴,为期约3年. Shorter secondments are unlikely to be effective.

如何保护知识产权?

To limit copying of IP by competitors, three types of protection are possible:

  • 秘密(.k.a. 商业秘密)
  • 法律注册(专利、商标、注册外观设计、植物育种权等)
  • automatic protection (copyright, circuit layouts)

Learn more about IP protection from IP澳大利亚 
创新和商业研究(ICR)部门协助研究人员制定其知识产权的最佳保护策略.

When should IP be kept secret and when can it be published?

最初, IP must be kept secret and not disclosed publicly; otherwise it is not protectable, detracting from its commercial viability. 例外情况是,当一种自动保护形式适用时,保密是无关紧要的.

宝博游戏平台官方下载 encourages its researchers to publish IP at the right time. 研究人员披露知识产权的时机至关重要:只有在知识产权公开披露发生之前申请知识产权保护,才允许采取合法注册的保护形式. 这就是为什么研究人员一旦认为他们的活动创造了知识产权,就应该立即联系ICR部门.

不及时披露知识产权而排除通过法律注册保护知识产权的情况包括:

  • any public verbal discussion
  • 杂志出版
  • conference presentations or posters
  • articles posted on the internet, social media or the 宝博游戏平台官方下载 intranet,
  • any commercial sale of a product or service based on the IP,
  • (通常)提交给期刊或会议组织者的论文草稿或摘要,以及
  • (sometimes) descriptions included in funding applications.

这个时间问题并不适用于自动保护(版权和电路布局)的情况,因为, unlike legal registrations, these forms of protection do not require formal applications or registrations. 然而, 通过自动保护赋予知识产权所有人的法律权利不像专利等法律注册那样强大.

Confidentiality agreements
保密协议(也称为保密协议或nda)有助于保持保密,当有必要将全部或部分知识产权泄露给选定的个人或组织,如R&R D合作者,&D funders and potential commercial 合作伙伴. 这些协议并不构成对知识产权的公开披露,因为根据普通法,这些秘密仍是包含和控制的. Without such agreements, no legal rights accompany secret IP. The ICR unit assists researchers and students to create and use NDAs.

How do I find the right form of IP protection?

The ICR unit will help IP creators determine the best IP protection 策略, based on the IP evaluation and commercialisation plan, 并协助研究人员和学生管理早期保护问题,如临时专利申请, and the nature and timing of any IP disclosures.

专利通常提供最有效的保护,但昂贵且难以获得. 当理所当然, 专利为知识产权所有者在特定国家或地区商业性利用知识产权提供了20或25年的垄断. In return for the monopoly, in the patent application, 知识产权所有人必须披露知识产权的精确技术细节,并充分描述知识产权的最佳应用和实施方法.

向澳大利亚知识产权局或世界知识产权组织了解更多有关知识产权保护和商业化的信息.


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创新和商业研究单元,创新校园Mike Codd楼1层